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Load securing for the protection of man and environment
Securing of load for transport on truck, rail or ship is called load securing. Load securing helps to control physical forces during transport and thus serves safety in transportation. A general distinction can be made between force and form closure. A force closure load securing is ensured by lashing or strapping down the load. more
By utilizing strapping bands or lashing straps, the load is pressed to the loading surface of a truck or ISO-container which increases frictional forces and thus prevents the load from sliding. This effect should be amplified using additional means to increase the frictional forces, like anti-slip mats. Without properly installed underlayer, continuation of transport can be prohibited by control authorities. Prominent factors to calculate the appropriate means for load security are the weight of load, vertical lashing angles of straps and bands in use, the coefficient of sliding friction as well as the acceleration factor and the coefficient of transmission. For force closure without form closure, special tools like long lever ratchets must be used to produce the affordable prestressing forces. A form closure load securing is ensured by gapless and flush loading or by using strapping bands and lashing straps. Exclusive form closure for load securing is only admitted with sufficiently stable truck or trailer.
Since 1996 Grönheit & Weigel is a reliable partner of the transport, logistics and forwarding sector in more than 50 countries. We define load securing as contribution to sustainable economy, preventing men and environment from harm. We develop and supply our innovative products and tools for load securing worldwide.
Our product range comprises different strapping bands, lashing straps, slip resistant mats, restraint systems, wedges, edge protectors, container covers, dunnage bags, anti-theft devices for ISO-containers as well as a wide range of accessories for several measures of load securing.
Load securing on trucks avoids accidents and loss of value
Besides the traffic code, attention should be paid to the generally recognized technical rules like the VDI-directive 2700 (“Load securing road vehicles”), which reports on concrete measures affordable for load securing on trucks. The responsibility for cargo security lies, according to law, with the driver, holder and shippers. more
According to the German Insurance Association (GDV), caused damages of fright and carriers due to bad load securing make up a sum of 200 to 300 million euros a year in Germany. GDV also identified that 70 per cent of cargo on trucks is badly or not secured at all. Almost 20 to 25 per cent of heavy-duty traffic accidents are due to bad load securing.
This happens although rules and standards for load securing are prescribed by laws and regulations. According to § 22 of Germany’s road traffic code (StVO), every load shall be stowed or secured in such a manner that it can not slip, fall over, roll back and forth or produce noise in case of emergency braking or sudden evasive movements.
During transport by trucks, forces will arise in curves and braking operations effecting the load. In case of badly packed and secured cargo it might begin to slide and get out of control.
Transport accidents can only be avoided by knowing the technical and juridical provisions for load securing as well as the laws of physics that matter for transport of freight on trucks. This also applies for the nature and characteristics of vehicles, shipping containers, load securing means, additional means for load securing and accessories needed. Nevertheless practice shows quite often that neither drivers nor freight forwarders have such extensive knowledge and thus endanger their freight. Insufficient cargo securing on trucks may be punished as an administrative offence incurring a fine or even a charge by control authorities.
Load securing ISO-containers- G&W at home on seven seas
In 1956 containers were loaded on ships for the first time. Initially met with a pitying smile ISO-containers are an integral part of today’s worldwide logistics since the transport chain over land and water could be completed without transshipment of individual freight bundles. more
In 1961 the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) established the measures of ISO-containers that are valid until today. In the meantime more than 70 per cent of goods in international carriage are transported in standardized containers. Due to a load of advantages, usage of ISO-containers has replaced other forms of transport, increased transportation volumes and lead to significant cost savings. Also due to globalisation container transport achieves annual growth rates of 10 per cent and more.
The most common ISO-containers are 8 feet wide and 20 or 40 feet long. There’s a special development in Europe with the 45 feet ISO-container created its place since its increased inner width allows form closed transport of EUR-pallets. We provide all types of ISO-containers with increased height of 6 feet and 9 inches, so called high-cube-containers. Since years Grönheit & Weigel is a successful partner for load securing in ISO-containers worldwide. Our high quality means for load securing, additional means for load securing and our comprehensive set of accessories help to form transport-safe load units und thus protect the load as well as the loading and unloading staff. For load securing in ISO-containers we supply:
- Anti-slide mats preventing the slipping of pallets
- Dunnage bags, stabilizing the load in case of stowage-gaps
- Strapping bands an lashing straps
- Restraint systems like our assembled container-lashing-system
- Edge protectors
Call us. We will be happy to advise! +49 2151 70602-55